{Study} Women in leadership positions: personality and living conditions of female managers

Work well, plant 500 trees! We make the Working World more Human and Ecological, so we donate Revenue for Certified Afforestation. As Publisher Best of HR - Berufebilder .de® with an unique Book Concept, on Demand eCourses and News Service we share 15 years of Experience with our Customers (Samsung, Otto, State Institutions). By the Top 20-Blogger Simone Janson, referenced in ARD, ZEIT, WELT, Wikipedia .
Copyright: Artwork created as part of a free collaboration with Shutterstock. ,

In Germany, there are still too few women in management positions, usually still men are ahead. This is due to various factors - including the living conditions. Exactly that is considered too little in many explanations. And unfortunately the topic is still up to date.

{Study} women in management positions: personality and living conditions of female managers {study} women in management positions: personality and living conditions of female managers

Text as PDF, book or eCourse on the topic or personal advice

Here writes for you:

Simone Janson Simone JansonSimone Janson is publisher, German Top20 blogger and Consultant for HR communication.


Too few women as managers: differentiated views are necessary

Why do we have too few women in management positions? The glass ceiling, say the one. The women are themselves to blame, the others say! A new study shows that both could be the case, but one must see the whole differentiated.

The admittedly somewhat older English-language study Does Personality Explain the Gender Career Gap? On the basis of data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), one has to take the circumstances of life into account in common explanatory models. And unfortunately this topic is still very topical.

Leaders are just different

Leaders in most of the personality traits studied are significantly different from other non-executive employees: they are more risk-averse, more emotionally stable, more open to new experiences, more conscientious, and less tolerant.

Tip: Text as PDF (please read the instructions!) Download or for a little more Book on the topic with discount or eCourse book. Actions or news via Newsletter!

For the study, the authors Simon Fietze, Elke Holst and Verena Tobsch evaluated data from more than 20.000 women and men, including information on the assessment of their own personality. It was examined what role different factors play in the different career opportunities of men and women employed in the private sector.

Do female bosses have to become more male?

Furthermore, differences between women and men are becoming clearer - regardless of their positioning in the labor market: women generally report higher values ​​for openness, extraversion and conscientiousness than men; the latter, in turn, are at the forefront of risk taking and emotional stability, and less tolerated than women.

Overall, the personalities of managers and other employees differ more in women than in men. This may suggest that female leaders need to adapt more in order to rise in the male-dominated world of work.

Living conditions are more crucial than personality

However, taking into account further possibilities for explaining the different career opportunities of men and women, it becomes clear that the personality traits on average have only a comparatively low explanation of the total 8,6 per cent.

Personal working conditions and living conditions play a much bigger role in career advancement. Career choices, shorter full-time working hours, work, part-time work and personal living conditions, such as childbirth and child rearing, could explain the poorer career prospects of women to a much greater degree (68,7 percent).

Tip: Text as PDF (please read the instructions!) Download or for a little more Book on the topic with discount or eCourse book. Actions or news via Newsletter!

Women still have to choose between work and family

In addition, women in Germany still have to choose between work and careers. At least that is what Eileen Trzcinski and Elke Holst show in their publication Gender Differences in Subjective Well-Being In and Out of Management Positions. The authors in their abstract:

This study used data from the German Socio-economic Panel to examine gender differences in the extent to which self-reported subjective well-being was associated with occupying a high-level managerial position in the labor market, compared with employment in non-leadership, non-high-level managerial positions, unemployment, and non-labor market participation. Our results indicated that a clear hierarchy exists for men in term of how status within the labor market was associated with subjective life satisfaction. Unemployed men were the least satisfied, followed by men who were not in the labor market, while men in leadership positions reported the highest level of subjective life satisfaction. For women, no statistically significant differences were observed among women in high-level managerial positions, women who worked in non-high-level positions, and women who specialized in household production, with no market work. Only women who were unemployed reported lower levels of life satisfaction, compared with women in other labor-market statuses. Our results lend evidence to the contention that men can “have it all”, but women must still choose between career and family in Germany. We argue that interventions need to address how the non-pecuniary rewards associated with high-level managerial and leadership positions can be increased for women. Such policies would also likely serve to mitigate the “pipeline” problem concerning the number of women who are available to move into high positions in the private sector.

Text as PDF, book or eCourse on the topic or personal advice

Offline download: Download this text as PDF - Read usage rights, Because we do not automatically submit the title of this text for privacy reasons: When buying in "interests" the title register if support is needed. After buying text exclusively Download at this URL (please save). Or for a little more directly an entire book or eCourse with this text buy, read on.

3,99 Book now

Book on the topic with discount: This text is also available in book form and you can buy the title here in two languages. You can also preview the book first look at and then purchase directly on the book page with a 20 percent member discount.

German edition: ISBN 9783965960145

6,99 Buy directly

English version: ISBN 9783965960152 (Translation notice)

6,99 Buy directly

Your eCourse on Demand: Choose your personal eCourse on this or another desired topic, As a PDF download. Up to 30 lessons with each 4 learning task + final lesson. Please enter the title under "interests". Alternatively, we are happy to put together your course for you or offer you a personal regular eMailCourse including supervision and certificate - all further information!

19,99 Book now

Consultant packages: You want to increase your reach or address applicants as an employer? For these and other topics we offer special Consultant packages (overview) - For example, a personal phone call (price is per hour).

179,99 Book now

occupations pictures

You want to comment here? Please the Debate Rules comply, contributions must be unlocked. Your eMailAddress remains secret. More information on the use of your data and how you can counter this can be found in our Privacy Policy.

  1. To follow debate on this post
  2. All debates follow
  1. Siegfried Wüst

    I have experienced a lot in my life and professional life and currently help some executives in strategy and leadership issues. From my experience, I say (despite being a man myself), women are more gentle with the EGO and therefore better able to deal with people. Women listen better and have better teamwork skills.

    You still need BOTH. Men also have BENEFITS. The art is in balance. If you look at the current problems in politics and the economy, then men are the ones who are most involved. However, I also say, our Fr. Dr. A. Merkel is not a mission statement for me. We are currently in a critical situation and need courage, perspectives and solutions.
    So "women to power" - why not?

    • Simone Janson

      Thank you for your great contribution, I agree with you completely!

  2. TUDarmstadtAlumni

    There are many reasons why there are so few women in management positions. Nice that a study also once the aspect of personality & circumstances highlighted!

  3. Thomas Kujawa

    Thanks for this post, the topic is really important!

  4. Oelze Consult

    Very good contribution that sheds light on the topic from a new perspective.

  5. Silke Loers

    Thanks for this important contribution!

  6. Liane Wolffgang

    Personality and living conditions are often underrepresented in many studies when it comes to this topic.

Post a Comment

Your eMail address will not be published. Required fields are marked with * .

JaI would like to be regularly informed about the latest promotions & offers Newsletter be informed.

I hereby accept the Debate Rules and the Privacy policy with the possibility to contradict the use of my data at any time.