Changing living situation of German students
As you know, studying in Germany is undergoing a fundamental change. Diploma and Magister, who in addition to the state examination previously relevant university degrees, have been replaced in the course of the Bologna Process majority by Bachelor and Master.
In addition, the shortening of the school system to twelve years (G8), and also the used by male graduates in the past as a period of vocational orientation civil service exists since 2011 no longer - in conjunction with the military service. Politically wanted is the earlier availability of young talent in the labor market.
The framework conditions at universities are also changing
However, this shows that this is accompanied by a significant change in the university environment. In any case, the number of university students in Germany has increased from 2008 million to around 2 million since 2,5.
The consequences of the current student attack were personally felt for me deep into the seat meat. I now know how hard the stairs are in the lecture theater XXV of the University of Cologne.
Finally, we also discuss housing shortages
I find amusing, however, the now emerging discussion about housing shortage in German university cities. "Students in old barracks!" Is a symbolic political demand.
It is therefore quite possible that, by reforming the German educational landscape, we ultimately end up with the Bundeswehr. But now to the point ...
Our study series "Specialist 2020" pursues the goal to extend the scientific knowledge about the life situation of the students by semester-current analyzes. The STUDITEMPS GmbH, recruiter for students in student jobs, internships and social projects, has pushed the analysis in cooperation with the Maastricht University. The focus is on three areas:
- General study situation
- job situation
- Student time management
Previous investigations on the topic
In the course of my research of scientific data on the life situation of German students, I found a number of well-founded findings, but the data is in total quite manageable.
The most extensive periodical studies on this are the social surveys of the German Studentenwerk and the "Student Survey", an educational report of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). Although the Social Survey provides comprehensive data on the lives of students, unfortunately, this only appears every three years.
What is special about the study
The majority of the rest of the investigations are devoted either to partial aspects of student life or not to analyze the facts in a corresponding frequency. I think, therefore, that the current analysis lacked timeliness, so trends often remained unrecognized.
Our semester-current survey on the overall university situation is of particular relevance to me, especially as a result of the recent reforms. The study specialist 2020 thus has the potential to substantially increase the level of scientific knowledge.
English knowledge of German students
Current example from the study is the high level of language competence of German students in English. In the context of this study, among 12.500 students, 51,2 gave a percentage of respondents to have an abundant knowledge of English.
Other 40 percent rated their language skills as "good," followed by "basic knowledge" (7,5%) and "native speakers" (1,6%). Only 0,3 percent said they did not speak English at all.
After studying abroad
Under the premise that the category "good knowledge" already covers the basis of an unproblematic or timely linguistic integration in the respective target country, for the English-speaking foreign countries over 90 percent of the interviewees could basically be of interest - and vice versa.
This is supported by the result of a high willingness to go abroad after the academic degree: 80 percent of the interviewees consider themselves the option of the job search abroad as serious.
Looming Skills shortage in Germany
However, this poses a problem for the development of the skilled workforce in Germany. For the economic performance of Germany, the much quoted question about the specialist and management personnel is essential in the coming decades.
In terms of educational policy, the potential threat to skilled labor is to be countered by an optimized university education of domestic potential. It does, however, require students to remain in Germany beyond their studies.
High willingness to work immigration
This high willingness to transnational labor migration is supported by an expert opinion from the German Council for the Integration and Migration Foundation of the year 2011.
As a result, more and more young people with a migration background (and especially those who grew up in Germany) are willing to leave the Federal Republic permanently after graduation.
If, therefore, Germany does not want to be dependent on well-educated specialists, then the economy and politics must act!
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