To the background
The European Commission's Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion (DG EMPL) has just launched an on-line advertising campaign centered around the rights of cross-border workers in the field of social security - to which this video belongs.
But what exactly does the General Management do? Well, she provides information on the European legislation on the coordination of social security. Because uniform regulations apply in the EU, which serve to protect your social security claims when you are within Europe (EU 27 + Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland).
When are the regulations?
However, European legislation on the coordination of social security does not replace national systems. Each country can freely decide who is to be insured under its national legislation and which benefits are granted on what conditions. These rules apply in particular to:
- Nationals of the EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland who are or have been insured in one of these countries, as well as their family members,
- Stateless persons or refugees domiciled in the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland who are or have been insured in one of these countries, as well as their family members,
- Nationals of non-EU countries legally residing in the EU and moving from one country to another, and their family members.
The basic principles of social insurance in Europe
- At any given time, you are only subject to the legislation of a single country and therefore only pay contributions in one country. The social security agencies decide which legal provisions you are subject to. There is no choice for you here.
- You have the same rights and obligations as the nationals of the country in which you are insured. This is also referred to as the principle of equal treatment or non-discrimination.
- If you claim a benefit, your previous periods of insurance, employment or residence in other countries may be taken into account.
- If you are entitled to cash benefits in one country, you can in principle receive them even if you live in another country. This is known as the principle of exportability.
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