Risky occupational groups - occupational safety
Among the more harmless professions, for example, the programmer in a software company or the clerk of a public authority. An example of a high-risk occupation, however, is the building cleaner, who specializes in high-rise facades. Or the bodyguard. The latter not only have to master close combat techniques, but also have to be familiar with the use of firearms. Which Safety measures But are common practice in the individual jobs?
In principle, wherever people are employed, employment protection applies. This one succumbs Company sometimes very strict guidelines to protect the health of the individual employee. The latter are, however, charged in the same way. Carelessness has often led to serious accidents in the workplace.
Occupational safety in risk occupations
Occupational safety is therefore very important in many occupations. Some professions are particularly affected. An overview:
1. glass cleaner
Colloquially as a window cleaner, glass cleaners are today used in many areas. Authorities and ministries, ie the public sector, have glass and window surfaces cleaned by professionals as well as companies. Even private households resort to the offers of glass cleaners. The speed with which professionals create streak-free shine on the glass fronts of public buildings and office buildings is impressive.
Special risk for glass cleaner
Certainly one or the other household would want their know-how. With a window cleaner but probably no one wants to swap, the workplace at dizzying heights.
Some glass cleaners specialize in the use on facades of office towers in inner cities. 20 or 30 meter height is still lower floor for these pros. It is partly worked in 50 or 100 meters height.
Safety measures for glass cleaner
In general, the necessary safety measures result from the regulations on occupational safety. So exists a guideline of the BG (professional association) construction on fall protection. Among other things, this is responsible for the area of building cleaning. Hedging measures therefore concern:
- Side protection of the working platform
- Individual protection through belt tension
- Helmets are mandatory.
The safety measures also include the use of a suitable barrier below the actual work area.
Fire fighting, personal rescue or emergency aid for environmental and natural disasters. The fire brigades (regardless of whether they are fire brigade or voluntary work) face new challenges each time they are deployed. The stakes can be relatively harmless. Again and again it comes to the fire fighters dicey situations in which their health and life is at stake.
Protective equipment of firefighters
The dangers can not be limited to just one source of risk. In fires, it is in addition to the heat and the resulting flue gas, which is a problem. Storms lead to falling trees or objects that are turned from wind to projectile. The personal protective equipment of the individual firefighter must be able to cope with these challenges.
The personal protective equipment (PPE) of firefighters consists of:
- Helmet with neck guard and visor
- Jacket and pants (flame retardant textile)
- Boots with protective cap
- Gloves made of flame retardant textiles.
From what dangers does it offer protection?
The PSA is on the one hand to protect against mechanical hazards (keyword cut injury) as well as prevent burns. For safety shoes, this also means that they also have a certain heat resistance. this will through different security classes and accessories achieved, each describing certain security features. The classification ranges from the designation SB with basic requirements up to class S5 with particularly high safety requirements.
In addition, the firefighter can, depending on the position in the fire brigade, create additional protective clothing. This serves to prevent, for example, cuts due to chainsaws. For use in smoky buildings, fire departments rely on respiratory protective equipment.
The profession of roofer is not least due to the height associated with important safety aspects. Because roofers nunmal work at dizzy heights. Single-family homes are certainly not the maximum of what a roofer experiences in his career everything.
Roofer: Special position of the workplace
Apartment blocks in particular reach very quickly several tens of meters high in inner-city locations. From the special position of the workplace, of course, one of the main risks, the danger of falling.
But roof planners can also threaten injuries in other ways. Falling components, working with sharp-edged sheets. Just two more examples of what dangers await roofers. Added to this are the imponderables of the weather. If the sun shines today and it gets warm in the summer, tomorrow it can already go in the direction of a wet and cold weather. The latter is definitely a challenge.
Safety measures for roofers
Roofers usually fall under the jurisdiction of BG Bau when it comes to occupational safety. This also applies here the already mentioned guide. The safety measures include not only securing with harness / personal safety equipment.
Especially in the range of:
- Side protection on horizontal and inclined surfaces
Special requirements must be observed. But even working directly on the roof can be risky. For example, load-bearing coverings are to be provided for the inspection of roofs under certain conditions. Their task is to absorb the weight of the roofer to prevent breakthrough into underlying floors.
Pilot is a dream job for many, especially adolescents. Time and again, seeing new cities and continents (from above) and lavish content are notions that are attractive. In practice, a pilot's job is often less glamorous. It must be clearly distinguished between the pilot of civil aviation and the fighter pilot. Why?
Danger due to high stress level
Army aviators are facing challenges other than civil aviation pilots, especially in terms of stress levels. The training includes a lot of intersections. However, the air combat situations are associated with a very high level of stress. This applies both mentally and physically. Example: When looping with a jet engine, the effect is high positive G-forcesthat lead to a blackout. When dive negative G-forces, it threatens the redoubt. But for civilian pilots, the job can be dangerous.
Aviation accidents at work end more frequently than in other occupations because of the particular circumstances of their service. Army aviators are protected by special suits intended to prevent blackouts. Keep the parachute in your hands as a last resort. Especially in civil aviation is missing this last safety line.
Work safety for pilots
Risks threaten the civilian pilots but not only when flying. Even the outside check on the ground, as part of the flight preparation, can be a risk. At airports it is hectic, risks are:
- Traffic of ground personnel
Therefore, important safety features for pilots include safety vest and hearing protection.
5. Bodyguard and bodyguard
Bodyguards have a sometimes high occupational risk - safety measures are also important here.
Bodyguards have a significant amount of responsibility in everyday life. The importance of their job can be seen, among other things, in the fact that witnesses need special protection against the machinations of organized crime. For example, sat the Berlin police 80 bodyguards oneto protect a good dozen people.
Health risks for bodyguards
There are health risks for the bodyguard / bodyguard many, both during training and during the missions. It can include:
- gunshot wounds
- stab wounds
- Dull trauma
- Bruises and strains
Safety measures for bodyguards
A very important element in the personal security of bodyguards, of course, is the ability to use weapons (not just firearms). These are suitable for active hazard prevention. In practice, physical fitness and body control are two more points.
Parallel is set to passive measures. Here, in particular, bullet vests are an issue. The challenge in personal protection is often that appropriate defensive measures should not be immediately visible, but at the same time always be within reach and effective.
Conclusion: Safety is important even in high school
They exist: occupations with a higher security risk. Some are sure to come straight away. Roofers would certainly be an example. But also the ordnance clearance service is exposed to considerable risks. At the bodyguards or pilots many think but later. There is also a considerable risk potential in these occupations.
Not every situation can be excluded. However, today there are many ways to mitigate the consequences, such as a careless step on the half-covered roof. In addition to the companies that have to implement the measures, the individual employees are also in demand here. Because the opportunities are used consistently, ultimately lies in their responsibility.
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