Problems of teamwork
Dr. Cornelia Topf yes, yes Best of HR – Berufebilder.de® already written about mixed leadership. Well, quite as optimistic as I do not see the cooperation of mixed teams unfortunately.
After all, an established teamwork often precludes existing well-established routines of cooperation. And when the project members can finally start working together, there are plenty of obstacles to communication.
Like Jekyll and Hyde
In the project work, the employee is asked to behave like Jekyll and Hyde - which, as we know, can not work.
- Jekyll is the individual human being who strives to get along with his project colleagues rather than being labeled as socially cold and selfish.
- On the other side is Hyde. He is driven and vehemently by the affiliation to a certain department their requirements 1: 1 implement in the project.
In this conflict between Jekyll and Hyde, the project collaborator must perform a balancing act that allows him to fulfill both needs.
Balancing between the self-image and the determination of others
From this balancing act between self-image and "foreign determination" becomes in the course of project cooperation a potential for change in Jekyll. Jekyll is known to Hyde only as a split-off part of itself.
In the course of the project, Jekyll learns that his needs can be considered socially workable by (smaller) behavioral adjustments by Hyde.
By entering the other participants, Jekyll can get his self-image, and is not depreciated as selfish and socially inactive in the project. Therefore, the prejudice is that an employee is not capable of project work.
The Chef pays the bonus, not the project leader
The problem is that Hyde's well-being is more important to Jekyll than his own. And Hyde feels good when the appreciation comes from the head of the department and not the project manager, because the bonus is indeed paid by the department.
Successful project communication and sharing requires that Hyde adjust his behavior to the group without "burning" Jekyll.
Hyde is ostracized - standards arise
However, since all project employees tend to experience the same Jekyll and Hyde problem, the project group will in the long run mutually outlaw Hyde's behavior. A productive working climate can develop - in the project groups psychology the experts call this the standardization phase.
Project-specific standards that create trust are being developed. In the long term, this leads to a qualitatively improved information exchange.
trust is important
Of this, the understanding of the expressed "knowledge" of the other project staff is unaffected. Because if too much deviation of the "knowledge" existed - one could also say the languages that the individual employees speak are too far away from each other - the communicated "knowledge" is lost.
In reality, the development of social norms is a result-oriented behavior in projects in a feedback loop with knowledge integration. Knowledge and information sharing depend on the fact that the individual project members trust each other.
The next step
This trust arises, among other things, from a behavior which promotes the project's objective. The next step is to clarify what knowledge integration is in the context of the project and how it actually goes.
Only one question needs to be answered before this explanation of knowledge integration, and there are many answers to this question that are partially mutually exclusive: what is knowledge?
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