Minimum wage for dummies: Quickly explains what is really important

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To the 1. August 2010 introduced the minimum wage in the nursing sector in Germany. What reads in the media, like a decree from above, that the Cabinet just decides, is actually a complicated process from below. An overview of the minimum wage.

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Minimum wage? Abroad already long valid!

There is already a statutory minimum wage in various EU countries such as the UK, Ireland, Bulgaria or Luxembourg.

In Germany, the unions have long been calling for it, but here the autonomy of collective bargaining is firmly anchored in the Basic Law: this means that only the collective bargaining parties - employee and employer representatives - of an industry are allowed to regulate the level of wages.

Emotions instead of facts

But whoever now reads the media report on the subject of minimum wages gains a different impression. In the ARD, on the side of Plusminus, one is limited to presenting the admitted really lousy situation of low-wage receivers as emotionally as possible. Apart from a few nice numbers, there are hardly any facts.

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Apart from the fact that I would also have a good example on the subject, it brings the clicks, but is not factually correct: Here low wages and minimum wages are lumped, even the examples are poorly chosen. Because the Employee Posting Act regulates since 2009 that the collective bargaining parties in nine sectors can negotiate minimum wages for the entire industry - mushroom pickers and hairdressers are not covered by the law.

From above instead of from below?

And Spiegel Online is happy about the minimum wages that will apply in the care industry from August 1, 2010: The Article but it sounds as if the cabinet has just decided briefly. SPON does not mention the fact that there is a relatively complex decision-making process.

But this quickly gives the wrong impression, the minimum wages are set by the government - which is simply not the case in Germany. With all understanding of the working conditions of journalists, I sometimes wish for a little more reflection and relatively short research.

Funded information on the topic

Because information on the subject is available on the net, although not necessarily quickly available at the touch of a button, clear and easy to read: The page of the German Trade Union Federation, for example, contains all kinds of information and current news on the subject. The prerequisite is, however, that you have already dealt with the subject, otherwise you get so quickly no overview.

Similar to the website of the? Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs: Numerous up-to-date news on the subject, but they lack a relationship. Only after a call at the press site I find some more substantiated documents, which illustrate the connections in more detail. Only Wikipedia gives an excellent overview, but is incredibly long-winded.

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What is the current regulation?

In Germany alone, the collective bargaining parties can set minimum wages for the entire industry, which are then also binding for employers who are not subject to the collective agreement - eg because the head office is abroad. The legal framework since 2009 offers the new version of the Posted Workers Act (AEntG).

Nine industries have been included in the protection of the Employees' Posting Act, including the construction industry, the roofing trade or the building cleaning. A special case is the Pflegebranche, because church and non-church employers operate side by side.

The proposal of a commission replacing trade unions and non-ecclesiastical employers also includes representatives of ecclesiastical care providers and their employees.

Who decides what?

The Commission can decide within the framework of the AEntG whether it proposes a minimum wage and whether it differentiates according to the type of activity, qualification or regionally. The Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs can make the decision taken by the Commission binding by means of a legal ordinance for the entire Pflegebranche. This is exactly what happened:

The cabinet has recently approved a regulation to this effect. The fixed lower wage limit of 8,50 euros in the west and 7.50 euros in the east will apply from August 1, 2010. This applies to all employees who primarily provide “basic care services” such as washing, dressing or climbing stairs. Purely household helpers as well as trainees and interns are exempt from the regulation. The minimum amount is to increase in two stages by 2013.

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Missing controls

But despite the legal obligation minimum wages are not always paid. According to the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, 2009 1500 fines were initiated in the construction industry for breach of the minimum wage.

Reason: Missing controls. For the responsible authority, the financial control of undeclared work (FKS), there is a striking lack of personnel and no improvement is in sight.

9 sectors for minimum wage at a glance

The breaking of social cold or just a drop in the ocean? The Posted Workers Act currently lists 9 sectors where a general minimum wage is possible. In some it has already been implemented, not in others. This overview shows how high is the minimum wage in which industry really is.

  1. Care sector: The fixed lower wage limit of 8,50 Euro in the West and 7.50 Euro in the East is currently valid from 1. August 2010
  2. Construction: Pay between 9,25 € and 12,90 € per hour
  3. Demolition and dismantling: Here was the 31. December 2008 a minimum wage from 9,10 € to 11,96 €
  4. Dachdeckerhandwerk: Here employees get nationwide 10,60, from 01. January 2011 even 10,80 € in the hour
  5. Painting and varnishing: 11.25 € per hour gets a journeyman in the old federal states and Berlin, 9,50 € get unskilled in all Germany
  6. Electrical trade: Here there are in the hour 8,05 € in the east and 9,55 € in the west
  7. Postal services: Minimum wages for the sector were declared binding under the terms of the collective agreement with the Postal Minimum Order. The Postmindestlohnverordnung was, however, regarded by the Federal Administrative Court as unlawful and invalid
  8. Building cleaning: In the interior cleaning workers get 8,40 Euro in the west and 6,83 Euro in the east, 11,13 Euro in the west and 8,66 Euro in the east. From 1. January 2011, these rates are increased to 8,55 Euro (indoor cleaning West) or 7,00 Euro (indoor cleaning East) as well as 11,33 Euro (glass and facade cleaning West) or 8,88 Euro (glass and facade cleaning East). All of course, per hour
  9. Mining work on hard coal mines: You will get 11,17 € as an engineer or a specialist, XnUMX € in the hour
  10. Training and further education services according to the Second and Third Books Social Code: The collective bargaining parties have agreed on minimum wages between 7,60 € and 12,28 €. The required legal regulation has not yet been adopted.
  11. Waste management including street cleaning and winter service: Employees receive 8,02 € nationwide
  12. Laundry services in the commercial property business: Employees receive 7,51 € per hour in the west and 6,36 € in the east
  13. Security services: Collective bargaining parties negotiated minimum wages between 6,00 € - 8,32 €. The required ordinance has not yet been issued

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