Children react to stimuli of the environment
The child reacts directly to stimuli of the environment - far from being able to form abstract concepts to his experiences. Now we imagine a small child in front of a tablet on which it looks Teletubbies.
We can make a first observation, completely independent of the content: The events on the screen are only two-dimensional, so can not give a real impression of the world. In addition, the contents are taken out of context, meaning they are not directly related to the child's environment. Or does it move in normal life through the colorful rabbit landscape of Teletubbies? Rather not…
The sense experience is so important
The decisive point, however, is given by Prof. Ernst Schuberth, who studied mathematics, physics, philosophy and education. He became 1974 Professor at the Pedagogical University (Bielefeld University), 1978, he co-founded the Academy of Waldorf Education in Mannheim. Schuberth emphasizes that "for the child, the sensory experience plays a major role in the first years, for the development of brain and soul." What appears on the screen is never "the thing itself," but only a surrogate of reality.
What are the consequences for a child? The mathematician explains this with a simple comparison: If you visit an ice cream parlor, the waitress gives you an ice cream menu - with colorful pictures from the offer, including the prices. "If you bite into the map with the pictures," says Schuberth, "you will not have the taste experience and all the other perceptions that come when you taste a real sundae."
The banana on the screen
The real Cup Denmark causes much more in the brain than simply looking at an ice card. So be this with all sense perceptions. Ironically, he suggests: "Bite once in a banana, which is shown on the screen - and train your sense of taste. The iPad does not last long. " The big topic is the reference to reality: The child develops the ability to really absorb sensory perceptions in the first years, according to Schuberth. It's about "the sound of a voice; how a person feels, who is speaking; to a certain music or the taste of the food ".
The first step towards self-awareness
This differentiates the entire sensory organization, the mathematician says. That's what Piaget meant when he described the sensorimotor phase of small children. Herbert Renz-Polster and Gerald Hüther also vividly describe what matters in this phase of life: "Man first moves along sensual tracks - everything is smelled, tasted, put in the mouth, eyed and touched, yes the whole body is used, and how! It is rattled, climbed, jumped, hopped, tumbled and stood on ten tips, each muscle is stretched, drummed, practiced, and built up this wonderful body sense that makes our hands, arms and legs literally take root in the environment. " Her conclusion: This "gradually arising sensory awareness" is the first step to "our self-confidence": "The possession of our senses makes us aware of ourselves," says Renz-Polster and Hüther.
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