Interaction with the parents
If children are months old between 12 and 18, they find it easier to process information from a real person than to understand television content. The children also remember better when their parents spoke directly to them.
This coincides with findings from developmental psychology: the newborn child already has basic skills for social interaction, as Hellgard Rauh writes.
The basic skills
These include: preference for the human voice, preference for the human face, interest in dynamic stimuli, and auditory and visual information. The child distinguishes between a world of things and a world of persons: It regards objects as sources of information, which it pays attention to "long, concentrated and tense" - and then suddenly turns away.
Quite different is the behavior in people who are seen as interaction partners, as Rauh explains: "With them it is more relaxed, showing livelier facial expressions, lip and tongue movements (...), positive sounds (cooing) and smiles as well as a rhythmic gaze and vocalization, even hand movements that seem like preforms of gesture."
Do media silly?
However, the AAP finds in its conclusions an epistemological problem which the organization does not conceal: the data show only a correlation between development deficits and media consumption.
Did you know that two-year-olds on screens do not understand anything? But this does not prove a causal relationship, for example, according to the simple motto "Television makes you stupid!". "Are children with language problems more often in front of the TV set?" Ask the paediatricians. Or: "Do children with attention deficit feel more attracted to the screen?"
Child justice or not is not important
These questions would make it necessary to intensify further research. One aspect of the AAP's recommendations is particularly striking: the question of a child-friendly television program takes a back seat; The doctors do not primarily discuss which TV content is suitable for toddlers. Your Criticism is much more fundamental because they consider "any form of electronic media use" questionable - especially for under-two-year-olds.
This is a clear statement that would probably not be signed by the Federal Agency for Civic Education (BpB): under the heading "Watching TV for babies?", It picks up on the discussion about the Teletubbies program that was broadcast a few years ago for two-year-olds in public. legal children's channel KIKA ran.
The effect of education is underestimated
The BpB notes: "From the fears of many parents can be seen that the effect of television is usually overestimated and its own educational influence is often underestimated." The show wants to "convey the first cognitive abilities", it is about the "perception, thinking and speaking" of the young target group.
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