Postgraduate studies: Which funding case must be available?

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In order to receive BAföG, funding for BAföG § 7,2 must be subject to one of the following cases: for example initial training, a master's degree program and the master's degree is the prerequisite for professional practice and a few more cases. If these conditions are not fulfilled, there is no BAföG!

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Case 1: Initial training

The first training was a prerequisite for the Master. The previous training has only allowed you to take up the Master's degree program. A master can be independent, but must continue in the same direction as your previous training.

BAföG you get for a master's degree at a university, which builds on a Fachabitur and a college degree. BAföG, on the other hand, does not come to you if you start a college course after completing high school and then want to join a master - because then the BAföG office argues that you should have studied at the university.

Case 2: Master as a postgraduate course

Your further education deepens in more than four semesters professionally a university study with the same contents orientation. However, you must have completed your previous studies at most one year before the end of the maximum period of funding.

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Case 3: Master as prerequisite for professional practice

You need the master to acquire the right to pursue your desired profession. if it completes a higher education education or a similar education as equivalent to national law insofar as this is legally required for the commencement of the desired occupation.

Further training is required if the trainee can only achieve access to the profession by virtue of the training he has achieved. This is the case when two vocational qualifications are required in vocational training legislation.

When is the Master necessary to practice the profession?

Moreover, the need for further training can also result from an actual recruitment practice of authorities or private employers, if in fact only candidates with two completed vocational training courses are taken over in a particular profession.

However, this must be a general or at least widely used recruitment practice. Since your written declaration, which you should attach to the BAföG application, is decisive for the assessment of the question of whether you are pursuing a particular profession, the law provides you with a certain scope for action: Please also provide the BAföG application with information on the current application Labor market in the profession you are striving for.

Attention: There is no reason for further training

A sudden deterioration of the job prospects in the occupation you are aiming for with your first education is not recognized by the BAföG. Even the mere improvement of employment and earning potential through a combination of several training courses from the point of view of specialization is not recognized as a reason.

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Examples of such unrecognized cases include specialization in oral, maxillofacial and facial surgeons, school psychologists, additional training for teaching at vocational schools after completing a university of applied sciences, additional training after the first teacher examination for teaching at special schools or studies in economics and law with the professional goal of "business lawyer".

Here, it is not the generally valid attitude practice that is decisive, but only the personal improvement of professional prospects!

Case 4: First education on the second path of education or at a (vocational) technical school as a prerequisite for the Master

The first apprenticeship was acquired at a second vocational school at a vocational school or a technical college, or this training made it possible for the second apprenticeship (eg postgraduate postgraduate postgraduate studies).

Case 5: disease or disability

Special circumstances practically force you to do a Master or MBA. The special circumstances also exist if an unavoidable reason precludes the exercise of the profession to which the previous education has qualified (eg illness or disability),

Case 6: special status

They have a special status and need a master to have their education recognized in their home country recognized. You get BAföG after §7,2 as a homeless person, refugee, Aussiedler, Spätaussiedler or asylum-entitled (BAföG § 8) - this also applies if your spouse holds this status (§ 8,1 sentence 7).

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The prerequisite for this, however, is that you need a master's degree in recognition of your professional qualification acquired in the country of departure / country of origin, for example because you can not use your previous training in this way.

Case 7: Special circumstances

You will receive BAföG for a master if the particular circumstances of the individual case, in particular the desired training objective, require this

This provision is interpreted strictly as a derogation and hardening regulation; it does not have the function of a general activity record for cases not covered by BAföG § 7,2 sentence 1. The specific circumstances of the individual case are only available if the desired training objective or other special circumstances or important reasons require further training.

As a rule, this means that you must prove that the objective you are seeking can not be achieved objectively in any other way.

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