Transactional analysis - Definition of the term
In transactional analysis, interpersonal relationships - the transactions - are analyzed. So any form of interaction such as communication, behavior and Austransaktionsanalyseusch with others. Therefore, the somewhat bulky name.
Transactional analysis helps people identify and understand their thinking, feeling, and behavior. And it shows psychic patterns behind it, and how they affect and possibly strengthen relationships with others. Transactional analysis also helps to effectively resolve these patterns.
Transactional analysis - pragmatic, vivid, understandable
What makes transactional analysis so popular is its pragmatic and easy-to-understand concepts that people can use to identify themselves and make meaningful changes.
That's why coaches, consultants and therapists like to use them. But even individuals who want to develop themselves with the transaction analysis, are often enthusiastic about their effectiveness.
Ideal method for consultants, coaches and individuals
In my personal experience, transaction analysis is the ideal method for consultants and coaches looking for solutions for their clients.
But also for every individual who wants to recognize and change his patterns of behavior and seeks suggestions for self-reflection. There are several methods available for this:
How does transactional analysis work?
But how does transactional analysis work exactly? For example, about looking at the impellers. The Transaktionsanalyse consulting provides a number of handy concepts. A particularly vivid, with the transaction analysis consultants like to work, that is the impeller.
This refers to stereotypical behaviors that everyone has learned in his childhood. They usually express what the parents or their caregivers expected of the child.
Typical impellers - examples
- Anyone who was often driven to hurry as a child has internalized this request so that he can still say warning sentences years later. "I have to hurry", "I have to be quick" carries within itself.
- Another driver that many know: “Be perfect!” With his claim to always give 110%, he creates a lot of dissatisfaction and problems. “You have to deliver perfect results, you mustn't make any mistakes,” says the inner command. Of course, it is also good and beneficial in many areas to have high standards. This driver motivates us to keep getting better. But if it is too pronounced, it is extremely stressful and causes great stress. Because letting go and enjoying is then difficult.
5 Typical drivers
Overall, the transaction analysis distinguishes 5 drivers:
- Be strong!
- Be perfect!
- Make it all right!
- Hurry up!
- Give your best!
Some transaction analysts still see “Be careful!” the 6th driver.
How people see the world
In transactional analysis, there are not just a single method but numerous concepts, models and methods. The idea is always to help independent behavior, thinking and experiencing to breakthrough and promote a positive attitude.
Because no one sees the world neutrally, much more each of us interprets his environment in relation to the true value that he or she believes to have. This leads to questions such as: “Am I worth / unworthy?”, “Is the world worth / unworthy?”.
Ego state analysis
With the I-state models, transactional analysis represents various aspects of a human being. Personality is considered in two ways:
- Under the aspect of its genesis and composition (structural analysis)
- Outward from the aspect of their expressive qualities (functional analysis)
This ego state model represents the human personality model in three categories:
- Parent-me as inherited sooner and today
- Adult self as self-developed today
- Child-self as self-developed earlier
Within the scope of transactional analysis, the ego states are interpreted in terms of their structure and the interaction between the different egos.
The 4 base positions
In the transaction analysis one speaks of “basic attitudes”, “basic positions”, “basic positions” or “existential positions”, which have their roots in early developed beliefs and other pre-forms.
There are four different positions:
- I am O. K. and you are O. K. (+ / +)
- I am O. K. and you are not O. K. (+ /)
- I am not O. K. and you are O. K. (/ +)
- I am not O. K. and you are not O. K. (/)
The term "ok" means roughly "okay" and not just in the sense of external well-being, but rather a kind of existential consent or acceptance. You could also say "complete" and "valuable". “OK” is often abbreviated by a “+” sign and “not ok” by a “” sign.
How can Transactional Analysis Consultants help?
A trained transactional analysis consultant helps the person to get to know the inner impulses that irritate them. Just knowing brings a lot of clarity and relief. On this basis, appropriate permissions can be worked out, which mitigate the urgent impeller.
For example, if you think you always have to be perfect, the permission “I'm good enough!” Helps to defuse your driver. If practical examples from the All Transactional Analysis Act are developed, these permits can effectively make the driver aware and soothe them.
Transactional Analysis: Short History
The transaction analysis (transaction analysis) was in the middle of the 20. Century founded by the American psychiatrist Eric Berne (1910 - 1970). It is enriched, modified and developed worldwide to this day. Already during Bernes' lifetime, various transactional analysts focused on different aspects of their work. Thus, the transactional analysis of these priorities has been further developed.
Important pioneers of recent developments were z. B. Mary and Robert Goulding (New Decisions), Jacqui Lee Schiff (Reappraisal), FaniTransaktionsanalyse English (Replacement Feelings, Episcript), Richard G. Erskine (Integrative Psychotherapy), Charlotte Sills, Helena Hargaden, William F. Cornell (Relationship-Oriented Transactional Analysis), Bernd Schmid (Systemic Transactional Analysis).
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