From the author:
New jobs and qualifications
Social Media Manager, AdWords Specialist, Frontend Developer - all of these are jobs that our parents had never heard of before. These fields of activity have gradually developed, along with the rapid triumph of the Internet. And so it will go on.
Many jobs that were completely normal a few years ago are now extinct. Or do you still know what a gnomonist is? A tip: The resolution will be at the end of this post.
Which jobs will disappear?
If Facebook was smiled at first as a nice platform to play a little Candy Crush, discovered with the discovery of marketing opportunities through social networks almost overnight, a huge advertising industry in this area.
Time and again, one hears the opposite: that digitization will cost more jobs than it creates. Such statements are dangerous and, moreover, untenable. None of us can predict the future - at most assume.
Which industries will it meet and when?
And it can also be assumed, for example, that the people who work in one of the above-mentioned job fields will still be employed in ten years' time. Because they are flexible and can adapt quickly. These are two of the skills needed in times when the digital tsunami can break in at any time through its own industry.
"Deloitte Digital" and "Heads! Executive Consultancy "created a" Disruption Map by Industries "study in which all sectors are divided into four sections into one diagram: The X-axis represents the time course. Here you can see how long it will take until certain trades are captured by digitization.
On the y-axis, the intensity is shown, named with a small or large bang, so little or severely affected by the disruption. This Disruption Map shows that the mining, oil, gas and chemical industries are likely to be the last and the least shaken. The construction industry will probably only feel a breeze from the digitization storm.
The situation is very different in the retail, information and communication technologies (ICT), media, leisure and travel, banking, insurance, professional services, gastronomy, education and real estate sectors. Here must the Company and their employees expect a short fuse and a big bang and should have started thinking about it yesterday.
Is your job resistant to digitization?
It is relatively easy to determine which occupational fields will remain almost exclusively in human hands for a considerable period of time: the more creative, flexible, social or spontaneous the profession, the lower the risk of automation.
Activities, which always follow the same patterns and procedures, can be done more easily and usually more efficiently by machines. Two Oxford Martin School researchers have studied 2013 702 careers and determined the level of automation risk in each area:
Occupations with high automation risk
- Insurance expert for motor vehicle damage
- Real Estate Agents
- tax consultant
- Couriers and messengers
- Temporary workers in the agricultural sector
- Referees and other sports officials
- Service staff in restaurant, bar and café
- Secretaries and administrative assistants
Occupations with low automation risk
- Social workers in the field of mental health and substance abuse
- personal Manager
- Executive employees
- Computer Systems Analyst
- Naval architects
- sales Director
For example, couriers and messengers are likely to be replaced by drones or autonomous vehicles over the next few years. Already today a big disruption is recognizable especially in the branch of the driving services. Turnover is already being done by dissenters like UBER and Co. So workers in this sector will literally be swept away.
Digitization requires new talent and skills
So for the future it is especially important to find digital employees. Those who like to accept change, actively promote it and, at best, even devise and develop new systems, such as Blockchain or language assistants.
Of course, the new always carries with it the "danger" of change and so some jobs will also fall prey to digitization. But at the same time, quite new - perhaps more exciting - jobs will be created here. New equipment and machinery may make assembly line work obsolete. For this, it will then need more appropriate professionals who can operate and maintain the devices. And the production facilities can be brought back to the country.
What attitude does it take to survive in a digital world?
The right education and training for the future is only one side of the coin. Certainly, continuous education is necessary. But what if your skills become obsolete with a new innovation? So you do not stand on the street, you need the following settings, which by the way also apply to companies in general:
It needs unrestricted openness to new developments. If you initially take a negative attitude from a gut feeling, you have a long-term disadvantage.
Conclusion: Be curious about the future
It takes the curiosity for everything unknown, and not only when all your friends already have it. Be like the "Early Adapters" who always want to be the first to get everything new. This feature makes you flexible - and that's the key to success in the digital world.
"The children born today will have jobs that do not exist today."
In this sense: Let's be curious!
PS. To answer my initial question: A gnomonist is someone who orients sundials.
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