Ada Lovelace and the automation
The story begins with a British nobleman beginning of 19. Century shapes our future. "The analytical machine weaves algebraic patterns, just as the jacquard loom weaves blossoms and leaves" - with this quote, Ada Lovelace, mathematician and first ever programmer, described the revolution of her time. It illustrates two things:
- Machines can take over the work of people and
- Women are just as well off in the natural sciences as other genders.
Both are also evident in the current developer study by Stack Overflow, which provides interesting insights into the IT industry.
Women in IT: tech industry predominantly male
With Gertrud Blanch, Marylin Meltzer and Grace Hopper, programming in the early stages was particularly influenced by women. Programming was long even considered a typical "women's work". Not for nothing, Grace Hopper, who developed the first compiler, said 1967 in the Cosmopolitan: "You have to plan in advance and plan everything so that it is ready when you need it. Programming requires patience and the ability to handle details. Women are "natural talents" in computer programming. "In the 1980 years, the picture changed. The proportion of women sank dramatically and the men gained the upper hand - and they have not returned since then.
So it is no wonder that in this year's 9 survey, 10 participants identify themselves as male. However, there is a small increase in the number of participants: last year only 6,8 percent women were, this year already 7,9 percent have been. Although the survey on gender is not representative, there is an interesting trend: men are more confident; because 68 percent of men consider themselves competent enough for their job compared to only 59 percent of non-binary participants and 53 percent of women. If one compares these numbers with the fact that a larger proportion of participating women and non-binary IT experts had more than five years of work experience, the assumption of a so-called imposter syndrome is close (34 percent of women, 32 percent of non-binary Category and only 31 percent of men had more than five years of work experience).
Computer science: Studies must be - for most of them
The majority of participants have a bachelor's degree in computer science or computer engineering, so they have completed a classical university education. With the university degree, however, the learning is not completed, because whole 86 percent of respondents have taught themselves at least one new technology itself. The job entails that you always have to get to know and learn the latest technologies, because the following applies: What is used today is probably old hat tomorrow.
Surprisingly, there is less that most of the participants have already written their first lines of code with 15 or 16 years ago, so they started early on their way.
Job perspective in IT: That's what developers want today
The job perspectives are and will remain very good for developers, as the numbers clearly show: only 15 percent of respondents worldwide are actively looking for a job. So developers can still choose where and for whom or who they work with, as the application process has turned in IT: Company court candidates.
The key question for developers is in a potential job change, which programming language and technology they will use. The second and third most important points are the environment, the corporate culture and the working time models. For companies, this means having to do their homework in the tug-of-war for the best minds: offering a true work-life balance, enabling home office and flexible time models, and a diverse and open culture are just some of the things developers want ,
Salaries in the IT industry
Developers earn good money worldwide. The most salary is paid to Engineering Manager ($ 95.000 US). In second place are experts in data science or machine learning with a gross annual salary of at least $ 60.000 - even though these disciplines have not long existed. Full-Stack Developers have an annual average income of around $ 57.000 US. At the bottom of the list are mobile programmers and those in research and development. The first take home $ 45.000 at the end of the year, while those in the academic field receive just $ 38.000 US.
For salary negotiation, this means that developers can charge high salaries and, with increasing seniority, can expect rising salaries. Likewise, the programming language and technology also influence which price tag ultimately depends on the abilities of the programmer.
Programming languages and technology: That's what developers use
The fewer people speak a programming language, the higher the prices. So Clojure, and F # or Go are rarer and accordingly paid higher than PHP, Java or C # experts. The largest growth in the number of users recorded Python. The easy-to-read programming style and the clear syntax of the programming language have helped it grow faster than Java this year and is now considered the second most popular language after Rust.
Blockchain hype and future prospects: That's what developers think
But what about future technologies like Blockchain? After the hype in recent years, 80 percent of respondents say that they do not use any blockchain technology or just products and solutions without cryptocurrency. This means that although theoretically a lot is possible with the concept of blockchain, this still has little to no implementation, with around 29 percent being certain that the idea will be useful across many industries.
However, the topic of the future divides the developer community into two camps: optimism that the future will improve for one's own children prevails, above all, in China (81 percent), Ukraine (81 percent) and Russia (79 percent). It shows that especially Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Middle East are looking hopefully into a better future and expect a higher standard of living for themselves. In Western Europe, however, especially France, Belgium and Switzerland, pessimism predominates when it comes to the future.
The IT industry is growing and developers like their job
However, the developer market looks bright and is likely to get even better in the future, especially if technologies like Artificial Intelligence or Blockchain really get into the day-to-day business.
Even if the talents are not enough, the good news is that developers like their job. 74,3% said they were satisfied or very satisfied with their careers. For the current job, however, this was only the case with 65,7%. So maybe they are open to a new challenge.
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