The ideal workplace?
On the left, the empty bag, from which you hastily wrapped the sandwich in at noon, on the right the file mountain, which you still have to work through. Headache from bad lighting and backache from unhealthy sitting posture.
The fact is, productivity also depends on the work environment. And who can work productively, for example, in the case of great chaos or with a job that is poorly set? And how do you do it better?
Ergonomics - unfortunately it is often missing
An important aspect especially in office work is the ergonomics - and unfortunately this is often not the case, especially in the home office. According to investigations by the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, nearly four-fifths of screen workers surveyed frequently complain during and after work.
About two-thirds of employees feel muscular pain, nearly half suffer from headaches and about 40 percent complain of eye problems.
The ideal office chair
An ideal workplace should therefore be one that avoids these problems - and that starts with choosing the right office chair. According to the guideline LQ 01-06 - Quality Criteria for Office Workplaces of the German Institute for Standardization eV, this should be adapted as far as possible to the natural movements of the body by tilting the seat and backrest, the latter at least by 30 degrees.
In addition, the chair should be easy to adjust, preferably sitting. Safety is also important: The stability of office chairs is very important. Even in the reclined position, there must be no risk of tilting.
Ideally adjust the screen
You can also adjust the screen perfectly: you should look directly at the display according to its sitting position to avoid tension in the neck and shoulders. It is often recommended to tilt the screen slightly backwards.
As a guideline, the visual axis should be approximately 35 degrees downwards from the eye to the screen and the top reading line should not be higher than the eye level.
The working environment
But at least as important as the workplace itself is also the working environment: it should be illuminated evenly and brightly, whereby the light must not interfere with mirrors while working.
As a guideline, a lamp in working height is sufficient with a light intensity of about 500 Lux. It is not ideal to work directly at the window: Also the daylight can reflect, so at least 60 cm distance are recommended.
Colors improve productivity
Colors, eg on the screen or on the wall, can also improve productivity or not. Because the colors have a direct effect on brain activity. This is what the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, found out. In a total of six experiments, the subjects were given various tasks on a computer screen.
If details were important, those with the red screen background were better. For creative tasks, the subjects did better with blue. From this, the researchers concluded that color red basically increases the recording power. In contrast, blue combines openness, peace and quiet, which is beneficial for creative work.
Room temperature and humidity
Finally, the right temperature and humidity also play an important role in productive work. 21 to 22 ° Celsius room temperature are considered ideal. Even if it's really hot outside, there should not be more than 26 ° Celsius inside.
Because it often comes in cold rooms in heated rooms due to dryness, the humidity should be 50 percent. Therefore, ventilate every now and again. Even plants in the office improve the climate.
12 tips for the ideal workplace
What should you look for when setting up the ideal workplace? We have summarized the most important tips once again for you.
- Chair: Ergonomic sitting is important. Your chair should therefore tilt backwards at least 30 degrees and let it adjust while sitting.
- Your desk: Your desktop should be at least 160 x 80 cm tall and low in reflection. Ideally, the table is height adjustable between 68 to 76 cm and adapts to your body measurements.
- Your documents: Documents that you do not need right now should be far enough away from your desk that you have to get up at work and take a few steps.
- Efficient arrangement: However, make sure you have an efficient arrangement of all work tools: you should not need more than three minutes to fit an item from your desk into your system.
- Your screen: The distance between the eye and the monitor should be 60 to 90 cm, with the screen tilted slightly backwards. The visual axis from the eye to the screen should be about 35 degrees down and the top reading line should not be higher than the eye level.
- Screen color: The wallpaper background should vary depending on the task: You need a red background if you need to be extra attentive. Blue, on the other hand, helps with creative tasks.
- Noise: For example, when buying office equipment, be aware of how much noise they make: for office work, the recommended maximum noise level is 55 dB. If the work requires high concentration, 35-45 dB should be sought.
- Plants: Put plants in the office: They improve the indoor climate because they absorb harmful substances and thus improve the air in the room
- Personal things: Add personal things to your workplace, because after all you should feel good.
- To clean up: Nevertheless, clean up your workplace regularly, preferably every day. This is the only way to keep track.
- Every thing in its place: Cleaning up is made much easier if you give each thing its place and stringently enforce your order system.
- You have to feel good! But the most important rule is: you have to feel good at your workplace. And if you can work better in chaos or in a neon green room - so be it.
- Healthy stay in the job, health blog by graduate sports scientist Christian Riedel: http://gesund-bleiben-im-job.de
- Blattnernet, the productivity blog of office coach Ivan Blattner: http://www.blatternet.ch/
- Website of the Society Work and Ergonomics - online eV http://www.ergo-online.de/
- Gottfried Richenhagen, Jochen Prümper, Joachim Wagner: Handbook of Screen Work, Neuwied, Kriftel, Berlin 2002
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