Helplessly delivered to the boss: no matter what I do, is it wrong?



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Reprint: This text is from the book "Warum uns das Denken nicht in den Kopf will: Noch mehr nützliche Erkenntnisse der Alltagspsychologie (2013)""" from Dr. Volker Kitz, Prof. Dr. Manuel Tusch, published at Heyne Verlag, and was left to us for reprint.
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In an experiment conducted by American psychologist Martin Seligman with dogs, it was shown that helplessness is often only learned. And can also be forgotten again. What's up with yours? Chef to do?

Helplessly delivered to the boss: no matter what I do, is it wrong? learned-hilflosigkeit02

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Here writes for you: Dr. Volker Kitz is Spiegel bestselling author, psychologist and ex-lobbyist. Profile
Here writes for you: Dr. Manuel Tusch Professor at the Münster University of Applied Sciences and director of the IfAP. Profile

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Important NOTE

This entry contains content and information that may be out of date, eg due to legal or statistical changes. Because it can still be helpful to get an overview of the topic, you can still find it here.

Learn that you can defend yourself

Overview

Martin Seligman had a comparative group in his famous experiment: in it were dogs, where the lever in the first cage worked. When they pressed it, the surge actually stopped. They learned the dogs quickly.

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And when they came into the second cage, they were again looking for ways to escape the surge. Because this group of dogs had learned: I can do something against these annoying bumps. And they quickly found out what: They just went through the flap into the cage next door.

No matter what I do, it's wrong?

Overview

Martin Seligman called the fate of the first group a "learned helplessness" Someone once found out that he is seemingly powerless against an onerous condition - and eventually stops even trying to do anything about it. Even if he could easily escape this condition.

Now suppose again, you are the human being that you are. Do you know the situation with the dogs from your own life? It happens quite often that someone says: "No matter what I do, it's always wrong. I can not change anything about my situation. "

The baby experiment

Overview

Learned helplessness was later detected in humans. With babies, for example, a similar experiment was performed as with the dogs. No, without electric shock. But they shook them violently in their crib, that was quite different.

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Some could do it with a head movement, a sensor in their pillow. Others did not have a sensor. Both groups reacted the same way as the dogs. And one group went to the dogs. Even beyond the baby's age we show similar reactions.

See the way out, if there is one

Overview

Now there are situations like that with the Chef in the example from above. Since we are exposed to the arbitrariness of others and may actually be helpless.

The problem in this case is that we can not see any way out even if suddenly there is one, for example when the old boss leaves and a new boss comes. Even then, we continue to think: "What I do, counts among those up there anyway."

Where do you find the studies?

Overview

  • Seligman, MEP, Maier, SF (1967): Failure to Escape Traumatic Shock. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 74, 1 - 9.
  • Seligman, MEP (1979): Learned helplessness. Munich, Vienna, Baltimore: Urban and Schwarzenberg.
  • Hiroto, DS, Seligman, MEP (1975): Generality of Learned Helplessness in Man. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 311 - 327.

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  1. Frederic Jordan

    RT @jobcollege: The boss helplessly delivered 2 / 3: No matter what I'm doing, it's wrong ?: In our recent Beit ... # B ...

  2. Beatrix Schwarzbach

    Learned helplessness, I can imagine, is an ugly, crippling thing. Since you want competent people who can observe well and help those affected in conversation and new experiences back on their feet.

    • Simone Janson

      True, the biggest problem for many people is that they themselves do not see the forest for the trees, that is, do not recognize the problem. In fact, help from outside can be useful - for example, through friends, acquaintances, family or just a competent coach.

  3. Wolfgang Struensee

    "Some people wait until the water is up to your neck and call it fate."

  4. Competencepartner

    The boss helplessly delivered 2 / 3: No matter what I do, it's wrong ?: In our recent Beit ... #Freak # Education

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