On the one hand, complain Company loud about a shortage of skilled workers, on the other hand, the universities are bursting at the seams in view of high student numbers. Skills shortage and educational high - how does that fit together?
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Everything was better before?
Whoever is studying knows the problem: professors who have little time for consultation hours, lecturers who feel that they are still able to read the introduction and conclusion during the elaborations, and, of course, lecture halls bursting at the seams.
That was not the same before, you might think. And yet I believe that the situation today is fundamentally different from the time.
Fewer school graduates, more students
In the current semester, 492.700 students have started studying. Compared with Wintersemester 11 / 12 to Wintersemester 12 / 13 are almost 100.000 students more than registered.
The reasons are apparently obvious: double graduation years due to shortened Gymnasialzeit as well as the abolition of conscription and community service. Both reasons have undoubtedly played a significant role in the increase in student numbers. However, you can not fully explain why Quota of the study entrants since 2001 rose by just under 50 per cent is.
Education thanks to Bologna process
The fact that Germany is experiencing a regular education despite the decline in the number of pupils in the context of demographic change is ultimately due to political initiatives within the framework of the Bologna Process.
The introduction of the Bachelors as a time-compact university study creates an advanced professional career. Background: The labor market is provided with qualified staff, thus halting the increase in skilled labor. According to experts, the graduation rate of 35 percent stipulated by the Science Council must be achieved.
90 percent of Company Report recruitment problems
A survey conducted by the consultancy company PricewaterhouseCoopers, under the responsibility of the personnel responsible, shows that the defendant is already a serious problem. 90 percent report recruitment problems and expect a further worsening of the situation.
This assessment is underpinned by a McKinsey study, which shows that by the year 2020 around 2,4 millions of well-educated specialists are missing. For the sake of illustration: currently about 2,5 million students are enrolled at German universities.
Poor quality in teaching
The political efforts are already bearing fruit - at least on paper: the graduate level of graduates could be increased by 17 to 30 percent with a first university degree since the introduction of the graded study structure.
However, the so-called "academisation" of other sections of the population has nothing to do with the professional defenses, provided the quality of the doctrine is not correct.
The number of permanent teachers
Some critics are responsible for the decline in the number of permanent staff, despite the massive increase in student numbers, which has partly been impacted by more favorable free-lance workers.
The number of non-working employees in public universities since 2001 rose by 85 percent, as the Statistischese Bundesamt reported in a press conference on the "university location Germany 2012" on the 5. December 2012.
Employers make it too easy
When it comes to education and quality of education, employers, on the other hand, often become too simple with their constant reputation for the state. First of all, they should exploit the untapped potential of further training in their own company and recruit future specialists and executives from the pool of existing employees.
A continuing vocational training program can help to remedy this situation and help to bind employees to the company in the long term. So far, however, companies do not make the most of the possibility of in-house qualification: in 60 percent of companies, there are less than five further training days per year, and in every seventh operation, it is a maximum of two days.
Master also possible without academic training
The state has already created the necessary prerequisites for this. Since the 2009 Conference on Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs, those with a non-academic background, for example, have a master's degree.
As a consequence, this means that now, too, they can qualify from practice for higher tasks, which have so far often been denied the career advancement.
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