What is the working world of tomorrow?
Labor market experts are still discordant as the working world of tomorrow looks, but one thing is definitely certain: unlike today. Technical innovations and a fast, mobile Internet enable new forms of work.
In future, employees will be used more in cross-company projects in which employees of one company work together with service providers from other companies in teams. New forms of communication emerge there; it becomes less classic eMailPrograms and communicated more strongly via cross-company messengers, e.g. Skype, Whatsapp or Facebook Messenger.
These are the 10 challenges in the working world 4.0
The future work environment is characterized by flexibility, mobility and access to all enterprise applications, regardless of which device. After mechanization, electrification and computerization, the fourth step - digitization - has already begun. What are the 10 challenges that companies and employees face?
1. Focusing on the needs of employees
The Vision of Work 4.0 is a stronger focus of companies on the human needs of their workers. This is not an end in itself, but implicitly implies that the creativity and productivity of workers will increase as a result of new freedoms.
This is the only way to keep up the pace of innovation in international competition. Demographic change is also taken into account.
2. Employer branding: attracting and retaining highly qualified employees
An important factor for the company's success is the acquisition and retention of highly qualified workers. Here, the generation Y is strongly in the focus of the companies.
The years from 1980 to 1995 are also referred to as “digital natives”. You handle the new digital media completely naturally. They have a value system that companies have to take into account.
3. Accept new values
The Generation Y can be lured with lush career prospects, high salaries or a large company car. Rather, their own car loses importance for the generation living in the city. You go by train to work and you need to borrow a car at one of the many carharing portals.
The compatibility of work and family life, the possibility to work in the workplace itself, a sense of the activity and effectiveness of one's own person are, on the other hand, clear demands on the companies who want to be involved in the struggle for Generation Y in the front.
4. Leadership: trust rather than presence culture
Working in the digital age requires a lot of trust - both from employees and from employers. Employees must trust their superiors so that the “always-on” culture does not lead to managers demanding excessive work and constant accessibility. Managers also have to trust their employees, because they no longer do their work exclusively in the office around the corner, but from their home office or on the park bench, or even in the evening when the children are in bed.
But how can executives inform their employees in the future, how do they ensure timely completion of activities, how do you assess employees who work in decentralized projects or in the home office?
5. The hierachies become flatter
To understand this, it is worth taking a look from the satellite perspective for the currently major changes in the global economy. These can be captured by the enormous increase of three factors: speed, transparency and complexity. And these factors force a radical rethink. Why? Previously, few people in a company had power and decision-making power.
These “makers” could control everything with their skills. Anyone who was competent in “steel” could relax and plan long-term. But this concentration of power on a few “all-rounders” no longer works. Because the increase in speed, transparency and complexity forces the powerful to distribute their power. Not because they want it, but because they have to go through competitive pressure. This means that the hierarchies become flatter and the influence of every employee increases.
6. More responsibility for employees
It used to be the case that there were a lot of “workers” among a small group of responsible and decision-makers. In the extreme: one patriarch, many lemmings. Back then, leadership was more of a mild form of dictatorship.
And today? The entrepreneur must recognize, recognize and learn to respect the increasing power of those being led. He has to learn more and more to lead beyond hierarchies. The future responsibility lies with fifty-fifty with managers and employees and no longer with the “superiors”.
7. Way with the status striving
This change in the distribution of power between the executive and the executive has also left the winter grain principle behind. At VW there were too much status striving and therefore too much power in the hands of less. This led to far too many decision-makers having their mouths shut.
Of course, if you stick your head out in the field of equilibrated mushrooms, the head will be easily peeled off. The learning process for Matthias Müller should result in the fact that he has to equip more intelligent people with decision-making power and demands this responsibility in the form of results. Guidance today needs many sensors, which in the fog banks of the fast market sense trends and forward inwards. Few people alone can do it anymore. This is a huge change.
8. More flexibility
It follows that more flexibility is required in every respect, for example in the choice of place of work and the individual division of time. For their part, the young people make the condition that flexibility can not be a label for total capture. In the past, work was everything. The elixir of life.
This tendency to sacrifice for work is gone today. The desire for something meaningful is increasing. And what used to be today Sense has also changed. Life and work merge in the Gen Y era. Both sides have their justification, and often the private comes first. For this reason, companies also have to be flexible and offer the boys individual offers that fit their life plans.
9. The role of leadership
The leadership of today and tomorrow has an essential task: it must develop itself and at the same time the employees. It must promote people, lead them very individually and enable them to take on real responsibility. And to be allowed.
That's often the sticking point. Responsibility is demanded, but employees are not empowered to decide on budgets and innovation. This responsibility for the company's resources demands a new direction - away from a job description that says what to do to a result orientation that dictates what to deliver.
10. More understanding and cooperation between the generations
First, some prejudices have to be filed. The Generation Y representatives basically have a not so different value system. Still, loyalty, integrity, responsibility, and desire for work count. But the definition of a successful life has changed. Crucial is for both sides, always to look, from where the other pecks. The Gen Y is very changing and wants to move something. It accepts that work-life balance no longer functions after the clock, but that work and life are interlinked.
The young should understand that the older colleague does not want to change much shortly before retirement. This understanding already improves the cooperation immensely. Conversely, the elderly have to accept that their familiar command and control is an obsolete model. That the younger ones know and articulate what they want deserves respect, so that it can be constructively effective.
The most important feature of leadership is and will remain flexibility. It must recognize the style in which the human being has to be guided. It is an art to get the permission of the Guilds that they want to be developed. Only in this way can companies be successful today. Only so will everyone be the best that he can be.
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