Education is an important tool for the integration of refugees, to which there are already numerous projects. We also want to help. Meanwhile the Friedrich Ebert Foundation publishes a study on the admission of refugees to higher education.
Creative projects around the topic of refugees
Creative projects to improve the difficult situation of the refugees, there are some. Thomas Eggert has in his blog the Blog for HR for Refugees which I would like to take part in with this contribution. Further projects will be presented.
Hackatons & Search Engines
On 24./25. October is in Berlin Refugeehackaton in which technical solutions for the topic of refugees are to be found. The page Refupreneur goes one step further and aims to help refugees implement their own ideas in crowdfunding projects.
On too Best of HR - Berufebilder.de We were not idle and provide refugees since this week a free search engine for German courses throughout Germany. In addition, employers and refugees offer advice on the selection of the right courses and are provided by an expert with many years of experience in German language courses for migrants.
Involvement of the Federal Government
A bit disappointing, I found the commitment of the federal government in this regard: the had already in August the Ankommer Scholarship with 12.000 Euro, which supports the corresponding projects.
However, on closer inspection, it can be seen that only in-kind services such as office spaces worth 12.000 are to be granted. In order to really start something sensible, even 12.000 Euro would be too little. The PR-acting as a great financial syringe to sell is a joke.
Study shows: hurdles are to be dismantled
The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has said this week, currently talks between ministries and universities are currently being conducted in all the federal states in order to reduce hurdles for university entrance for refugees and to adapt regulations.
The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has in August 2015 of all ministries of the federal states responsible for higher education institutions a survey to find out how university admission for refugees is regulated in the individual Länder.
The results of the survey (without Baden-Würtenberg, Bremen, Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein) are intended to show that many ministries are nevertheless willing to actively engage in the reception of refugees at the university. This includes, for example, the online offer for information also available in several languages.
Refugees are already open to access to universities in Germany. When studying, they are treated like other foreign students.
The problem in many cases: If you are studying in Germany, you are entitled to a proof of education equivalent to a university entrance qualification obtained in Germany and the necessary language skills.
Problem of missing documents
If there is no university entrance qualification, the path to a Studienkolleg is usually open. After completing the examination, a specialized course may be taken. In the case of admission-restricted subjects, the pre-qualification for foreign (non-EU) students also applies to refugees.
The problem is missing documents. In this case, the decision of the Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs of the 8.11.1985 can be used: An indirect proof of university access is possible if study applicants can not provide the necessary documents for political reasons.
Accordingly, simple copies or affidavits can be accepted in individual cases. Several ministries recommend that universities do not apply stringent standards in the case of individual cases. However, in the absence of documents, there is a need for further regulation in the opinion of several countries. A working group of the KMK is currently discussing how the decision can be adapted to the current situation.
Residence permit for students
As far as the residence permit is concerned, the following applies: the residence permit is subject to university status. The residence permit is usually issued only after admission to the course of study has been granted. The residence law stipulates that the first residence permit is valid for one to two years. An extension is possible upon request.
While access to higher education is open to refugees in all federal states, the results are very different in support measures. Language courses, orientation and counseling programs are offered in many of the federal states. Only a few countries have reported on targeted financial support. In some Länder, there is no special support for refugees apart from the general offers for foreign students.
Admission tests for university entrance
In Lower Saxony, there is the option of obtaining admission to higher education for an admission-free course of studies if the admission test is passed above the average without further examination. Refugees are supported by orientation and counseling services through the Initiative "Open Universities Lower Saxony". Free intensive language courses and other funding are available.
In addition to language courses and other support measures, the school also offers the opportunity for refugees to receive support from 1000 Euro for the start-up phase and the completion phase. This can be used, for example, to finance application, enrollment and dues fees as well as social contributions. In addition, the fees for a study visit are taken over.
Currently, there are also discussions about closing the gaps in benefits for student refugees and reducing or paying for enrollment costs (eg registration costs with Uni-Assist). There is also the initiative to expand an entrance examination as an alternative to study. "
Voting is important
The Friedrich Ebert Foundation concludes:
Even if no comprehensive statistical coverage of the status of refugees has taken place at universities so far, it is assumed that inquiries and applications will increase. A nation-wide vote of central open questions is desirable.
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