Higher Education Pact
As early as the year 2007, the federal government and the Länder had decided on a higher education pact to 2010 with regard to the two-year high school years in different federal states.
However, the estimates at that time were estimated by about 80.000 additional undergraduate students. In fact, there are nearly twice as many per year with around 160.000.
Revised by 5 billion euros
For a total of 620.000 study beginners, additional space must be created in the lecture halls, seminar rooms and libraries. A further improvement of the resolved funds is therefore necessary - and nothing new.
In June 2009, the Confederation and the Länder agreed to continue the pact until 2015. Additional funds amounting to 3,2 billion euros were made available, which were later increased to a total of 5 billion euros.
An enormous sum. At this point, the question must be asked whether the countries have adequately deployed the funds made available to them. Doubts exist in every case.
Already in the first phase between 2007 and 2010, many countries acted rather cautiously. Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg will have to pay even more funds in the amount of 600 million euros.
Criticism at the university pact
Experts therefore criticize the structure of the pact. For the money of the federation does not flow directly to the universities, but first to the finance ministries of the individual federal states. How much money is actually made available for teaching remains difficult to understand.
Particularly in view of the fact that many of the Länder are constantly reducing their university level. Logically, this does not appear to be cautious. An obligation on the part of the Länder would be desirable at this point.
Situation for master students is growing
The leaders of the situation are the students and the educational center Germany as a whole. He runs the risk of noticeably losing quality. Especially for the group of Master students, the situation is intensifying in the coming years.
According to a current model calculation by the Center for Higher Education Development (CHE), the need for master study places will increase significantly in the future. To date, significantly more undergraduate students are aiming at a higher degree than calculated.
Horror scenarios for the future
In their calculations, the experts design three different scenarios: What happens if every second, a good two-thirds or even 85 percent of the bachelor's graduates want to take a master's degree?
Depending on the scenario, 2016 want to take a Master's degree between 175.000 and 265.000 Bachelor graduates. For comparison, in 2011, there were almost 114.000 beginners in Germany in master courses.
Already today, study places are missing
With the cautious assumption that only every second bachelor student directly follows a master's degree, the federal government and the Länder have to adjust to significantly higher numbers among the Master's students.
But there are already places missing. At a quota of 85 percent, then up to 36.000 undergraduate graduates would have to forego a master's degree at state colleges.
Solutions on the pulse of the time
Certainly, it must be stressed at this point that it is merely a model calculation. There are a number of external factors that influence this. This includes, for example, the economic development.
An upturn in the labor market could lead many bachelor's graduates to go directly into their professional life rather than take up a higher degree. In addition to this, the expansion of postgraduate Master's programs is certainly another way of stretching the growing demand for master's courses.
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