Training as an artist: What's wrong with art colleges?

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Art is generally considered as a waste and the economic crisis is exacerbating the problem. Is this the result of art itself or of a poor education policy? Training as an artist: What's wrong with art colleges? artist

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Here writes for you:

Anke Ernst anke-ernst_index-magazin_dusseldorfAnke Ernst is the editor-in-chief of the art magazine INDEX in Düsseldorf and a freelance journalist for travel, art and culture.


From the author:

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Breadless study?

When I was still studying, namely a supposedly breadless humanities study, professional suggestions such as taxi driver or usher were often brought to me. The hardest comment was: "If you want to have children later anyway, it's an impudence for you to study. You only cost the state money, and after all, you just sit at home. "

I can argue about the logic of this comment, if it contains one, but I would like to know: How much money did I cost the state? The Cultural Finances Report 2012 of the Federal and State Statistical Offices tells me on page 64 that he spent a full 2009 € per student in the year 6.200.

Art students cost more

There are probably few students at art academies who have never been involved in a similar discussion. In addition, every art student in 2009 cost the state more than twice as much as an "ordinary" student - namely 13.700 €.

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In North Rhine-Westphalia, as the study continues, we are even more eager to spend than in other states: Public spending on art colleges 1995 to 2009 amounted to 94,2 million euros in NRW.

Why we need artists

Artists are essential to a society. Man needs aesthetics, at least in the widest sense, otherwise he is missing a part of himself. Our society is dependent on people who place the values ​​of a critical, independent mind, aesthetics and authenticity above those of financial success.

Or to put it in the words of a graduate of the Düsseldorf Art Academy: “Artists are important for society, precisely because they reflect and express things that other people do not reflect Sense have more, or the many people remain closed and who are brought to mind by art. "

More students than capacities

Money also plays an important role in the art world and it is probably due to financial reasons that the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf has accepted more and more students per year over the years. In the summer semester 2013, 577 studied main songs at the academy, which is more than half more than in the year 2004 with 367 students.

More students mean more money. But it also means lack of space. In this way the orientation area was expanded in order to accommodate the ever-increasing number of students, which also gave less suitable candidates for the art studies a place to study.

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The art market is being flooded

The consequence of such a strategy is an art market that is saturated with artists and artworks: only 2 to 5% of graduates of a German art academy can later live from their art.

In the "Kunstzeitung", editor Karlheinz Schmid demanded in a "Twelve Point Program for the Reorganization of the Art Industry" under point 1, "to reduce the number of art schools sensibly, to subject the education to stricter criteria, to fewer people into unemployment and into poverty, which is economically irresponsible. "

Irresponsible training policy

That the graduates will not draw on the full, the legislature is quite aware. For example, § 50 paragraph 3 of the Kunsthochschulgesetz NRW already states that theCourses offered should be organized in such a way that "study can also take place as part-time study".

However, these subjects of artistic existences are not conveyed to the novices. And so, as in the past, artistic approaches in the forefront of art-academic disputes are no longer present. It is rather the discussion of who is actually an artist. And when? Does he need an education, only the space to unfold, or is he already per se?

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