New work and digitization of work: self-acting actor?

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Among other things I discussed Ursula Engelen-Kefer in an expert group on competence-based work. In the digital world, quite different skills are required. But how do you actually measure the new competencies without falling for self-defense?

New work and digitization of work: self-acting actor? Foundation-new-responsible

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When we talk about competence-based work, many people think of Gunter Dueck, a former IBM manager and mathematician.Professor, who caused a stir with his speech at the re: publia 2011. According to his prognosis, many occupations will lose their importance because thanks to the internet we can do much more on our own - such as buying tickets or researching information.

Dueck said a little bit sarcastically today, many a patient who surfed the internet for two hours knows more than his doctor. What remains are the difficult consulting and administrative tasks, for which Germany needs more specialists. However, complex tasks demand not only technical skills - that is delivered to a good extent from the Internet - but social agility, emotional intelligence, management talent, negotiating skills, self-responsibility , Entrepreneurship.

Creativity is seen as a disease


In a meeting of the Enquete Commission of the German Bundestag "Internet and digital society"On the theme of" Change processes in the digital economy and work "Dueck criticized that creativity in school is considered a disease.

Moreover, the teaching of social competence is not part of the education system. According to Dueck, pure technical training loses importance and soft skills are becoming more and more important. He even goes so far as to say that only those who bring the corresponding soft skills and adaptability to modern, digital society will do it.

The Prekariat falls down


This puts us at the disadvantage of purely competence-based work: there are quite a few people who fall behind in the process, the so-called precariat. It is often forgotten that this type of work often leads to unsafe, low-paid occupations. As an example Dr. Stefan Pfisterer from BITKOM USA, where the short-term employable skills are in demand in the labor market, which undoubtedly offers opportunities, but also leads to the fact that it does not invest in a long-term employee.

Sustainable development, the competence bundle behind a profession, is not seen there. A fundamental rejection of professions towards purely competence-based work is therefore not desirable, according to Pfisterer.

Not everyone likes the self-presentation


Another reason I have often experienced in my personal environment: It is just not everyone created for this free, independent entrepreneurial work. Here is a current example of Julia Seeliger, former TAZ editor, former FAZ author, former member of the Greens, now managing director of the Pirate Party Bonn, who wrote in a now deleted post: "Hello, my name is Julia Seeliger, I am 33 years old and have no job. For more than a year, I've been self-employed in web design and journalism and it did not work out. For different reasons, I can not work like that. First of all, because I never wanted to work that way, secondly, because I can not work on my own, and lastly, because I can not and do not want to market myself to the smallest detail. "

Self-marketing to the last?


It addresses a problem that results from competence-based work: the constant need to market itself - and the question of whether that is desirable. I remember an event in Berlin, where excellently PR consultant called Facebook the end of humility.

Some time ago, the international university of Bad Honnef / Bonn had started a discus- sive action. Within the framework of a competition a Full scholarship in the amount of 11.000 Euro awarded for a distance study, "Votes" collect the participants by sending friends, family and acquaintances via Facebook, eMail or invite a contact list and ask to vote for it. The IUBH clearly declares the ability to self-market as the goal of the competition.

A further danger of self-marketing in the smallest detail is that the boundaries between work and private life are becoming increasingly blurred. Friends on- and offline are also colleagues, one is, if one is not careful, around the clock in the employment, and the high personal identification with the job entails the danger of overwork and burnout. With these dangers it is important to learn how to deal.

The company can not deal with the new work


In addition, however, Annuity insurance plans by Ursula von der Leyenhow little the legislator and society know how to handle these new forms of work. This leads to absurd situations in the social security - for example, because health insurance and pension insurance are calculated for self-employed not after the actual income, but according to certain, unfair minimum rates.

And this is precisely the reason for the structure of our (educational) landscape, whose certificates and certificates are still directed to the search for knowledge rather than the transfer of basic skills.

The Solution: Competence Measurement with Large-Scale Assessments?


The problem is so said Dr. Agnes Dietzen from the Competence Development Department of the Federal Institute for Vocational Training states that the development of reliable methods for measuring competence (term: Large-Scale Assessments or LSA) is still in its infancy. A major problem is the lack of comparability of skills acquired in different education systems such as higher education or vocational training.

In addition, services from other areas such as honorary offices, social services or family care services should be included in the competence assessment, said Dietzen, but at the same time made it clear that much remains to be done, as the lack of valid, objective and practicable standards has made it difficult Comparison.

In Germany, there is currently very reluctant work on the implementation of a qualification framework on the recommendation of the European Parliament and the Council establishing the European Qualifications Framework. One reason for the lack of permeability for different professions sees dietz in professional interests. "We think too much in small categories and should think more about working families," said Dietzen.

Actively shaping change


In essence, I believe that flexible working forms, as we already know from the digital field, will also extend to other areas. There is nothing to keep in old ideas; one has to deal with this change in the working world and actively shape it, so as not to end up negatively in the end. However, one should also see the disadvantages of this new form of work and counteract them as much as possible.

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