Occupation - but which?
Career starters, but also those switching, are spoiled for choice in Germany: In addition to 344 state-recognized professional training courses, there are currently around 12 courses and subjects. There are also countless in-service training courses.
Around 390 state and private universities compete for the favor of those willing to study, and there are always courses of study and further education. The latter often do not even have to be accredited or nominated, which makes the overview particularly difficult.
Again and again I notice that young people don't even know what career opportunities they have, and that they often don't even know what they want themselves. Because there are still enough young people who choose a training occupation or course of study.
Many are involved in the career choice
More than one in four apprenticeship relationships are terminated upon completion, around a third of which are still in the trial period. In some (supposedly) popular apprenticeships such as cooks, the dropout rate is almost 50%.
And we also see enormously high drop-out rates of 28% on average in the Bachelor's area for the degree programs, as for the training occupations. At around 35%, this rate is almost twice as high at universities as at FHs at around 19%. Recruiting expert Joachim Diercks writes in a nutshell:
Confusing diversity, but hardly used.
Which profession suits me?
Best of HR Berufebilder.de® author Tom Diesbrock pointed out an elementary mistake that many people make when choosing a career: Instead of looking for a job that really interests them, they first orientate themselves on the offer.
This can also be seen from the fact that the right choice of profession is an important, albeit underestimated, topic in Germany and should be discussed in detail. Then medicine is studied, you know that, or law. Unusual ideas that make you reinvent your job are hard to come by. An approach that Diesbrock rightly calls the classic self-in-the-knee technique.
The way to a dream job: keep your eyes open when choosing a career
The old saying "keep your eyes open when choosing a profession" still applies, but with the unmanageable offer it is difficult to direct your gaze in the right direction. Even at the graduation ceremony, 11% of all high school graduates have no idea what they want to do.
Barbara Knickrehm, career advisor for high school graduates at the Herford Employment Agency, advises keeping your eyes wide open when choosing a career, especially as a career starter and switchover. You should start with yourself first before you get confused by the many possibilities:
“Instead of surfing the internet haphazardly, the first question you should ask yourself is which topics and tasks are of particular interest to you, are particularly great fun and which give the impression that they are easy to handle. But you should also consider the assessments of your surroundings in your own considerations. ”
Advice can help with career planning: What do self-assessment procedures do?
A self-assessment center could help anyone who still does not get anywhere this way. This is not only partially mandatory at some universities, but there are also tools online for personal career choice.
If you don't trust the online tools, you can get career advice. Employment agencies offer such career advice free of charge for school leavers. For everyone else, there is a large army of private consultants and coaches who offer their support in finding a job and planning a career. Here it is important to separate the wheat from the chaff.
The selection process begins: common mistakes when choosing a career
If you know what you want, you are already a big step ahead. Now begins the selection process in view of the large supply: Would you rather do an apprenticeship - or rather study?
Many people, as Tom Diesbrockauch complained, first do an apprenticeship and then ask themselves what they could do with it. Or even worse: When choosing your apprenticeship, you are guided by the offer - and not by what you actually want. This is a mistake!
2 checklists: prefer vocational training or study?
An equally common mistake is that school-leavers are initially focused on vocational training: they then earn money at the same time and the training seems to lead to success more quickly and more purposefully. But a university degree offers the best prospects in the long term.
Vocational training checklist: questioning your own wishes
If you are thinking about starting a vocational training or going to a vocational school instead of studying, you should critically question motives for this:
- Is teaching, for example, begun only because one is uncertain in the choice of the study?
- Are you hoping that training will give you more opportunities to start your career?
- Or is it the prospect of financial independence that makes a decision for in-company training attractive?
Study checklist: Get an overview
Some of these "advantages" are losing weight in the face of new developments in universities. Bachelor's degree programs allow a university degree in six to seven semesters, a time that is comparable to vocational training. How to proceed with the selection:
- Narrowing down the selection: The number of dual study programs in which in-company training including payment is integrated into the course is also constantly increasing.
- If, on the other hand, you want to find out which courses are available at which universities, you can get an overview in various online databases,
- To do this, you should first narrow down the area of study that interests you and differentiates you in your search - for example, for artistic-creative, humanities-linguistic, social science, natural science and technical subjects. In this way, you can focus your search more and more on a few subjects and colleges where they are offered.
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German edition: ISBN 9783965960220
English version: ISBN 9783965960237 (Translation notice)
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