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BAföG according to § 7,1, as a grant and a loan, you only receive a first professional qualification, for example at a university. With the attainment of a vocational qualification, the grant claim is then exhausted.
It is unimportant whether you have received BAföG during this time or not. Vocational education and training is an education that provides basic vocational training or professional skills and, as a rule, a vocational qualification beyond the continuing general education system.
Such a qualification is, for example, a first, basic degree to a master's degree, a bachelor's degree or a master's degree (see this important distinction above). If you start a non-consecutive or further education master, you are already a student, behind you and you are no longer eligible for funding according to § 7,1.
However, if you complete this first vocational training in less than three years, you will be eligible for further training according to BAföG § 7,1 - even if the three-year period is considerably exceeded. Only the promotion of a third training would then take place according to § 7,2 BAföG.
But there are also trainings which do not exhaust the basic claim on BAföG according to § 7,1. Operational training, for example, which is not carried out at a training center under which BAföG can be funded, does not consume the basic promotion entitlement according to BAföG § 7,1.
Also general education, which according to BAföG § 7,1 are indefinitely eligible until the attainment of the university entrance qualification, without thereby the basic promotion claim is touched. Therefore, general education is not a "further education" within the meaning of BAföG § 7,2 even if a vocational qualification has already been obtained. Conclusion: If you have completed an occupational or general education education, but no study or other Aushaben you continue to be entitled to BAföG under § 7,1.
Attention - exhausting the BAföG claim also abroad
A vocational qualification is a qualification even if it has been acquired abroad and enables it to work there. With the exception of a company or general education, the entitlement to BAföG according to § 7,1 is also used here. An international study is therefore also a qualification qualifying as a professional qualification.
And anyone who has acquired a vocational qualification abroad, then starts at home earlier and then resumes interrupted education abroad, is not entitled to basic education, but to the promotion of a second education.
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