The great confusion
When young high school graduates go on the search for their dream studies and through different rankings, they quickly get confused. Which ranking is relevant and above all credible?
Universities are an American phenomenon. There the rank lists have a long tradition. In the 90 years the ranking wave then spilled over the large pond to Germany.
Each publisher has its own ranking
To date, many publishers have published their own university publications, including Der Spiegel, the Focus and Handelsblatt. In the meantime, a ranking has clearly emerged:
The CHE ranking, which is being developed in collaboration with the Zeitverlag publishing house with the Center for Higher Education Development (CHE), has a head in terms of popularity and reputation. But the methods of the CHE rankings and their American role models are not uncontroversial.
Which rankings help in choosing a course?
Especially international rankings place emphasis on publications, mentions of the publications in other publications and scientific awards, which a university can show.
For example, in the famous QS World University Ranking, formerly called the Times Ranking, the number of citations for 20% is included in the rating. In the equally well-known Shanghai Ranking, the research achievements of lecturers and graduates are decisive, for example how many Nobel Prizes the researchers have received.
A question of relevance
But are these criteria really important for prospective students? For prospective students, it is more likely to be a good organization of the university or the care by the Professoron.
Moreover, in the international rankings, so few German universities are represented that they hardly help in the selection of theCourses.
The Excellence Initiative of the Confederation and the Länder
In Germany, the evaluation of the universities could help with the excellence initiative of the federal government and the Länder in the choice of study.
This funding program distinguishes 11 universities as so-called elite universities, including, for example, the universities of Bremen, Cologne, Tübingen and Heidelberg.
Elite university no decision criterion
Above all, however, the German Excellence Initiative rates the research of the universities with its funding program. The title "Elite-Uni" is therefore hardly a helpful decision criterion for students.
The German CHE ranking takes a different approach. It interrogates Professoren and students in various categories, for example, the study situation, international orientation or practical orientation.
The care is important
In addition, facts such as the caring ratio and the number of students who are studying in regular study time play a role.
These criteria are significantly closer to the actual interests of the students. But also the CHE ranking is always in the Criticism, Above all, the methodology upsets some university rectors sourly. Therefore, I would like to explain this aspect in more detail in the second part of the article next week, on Monday.
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